(REPRINT) - BODYING THE JOURNALIST

Chantal Francoeur

Resumo


ABSTRACT – This article lays out a theoretical framework through which the journalist’s body is rendered both visible and accountable. Drawing on ethnographic and geographic scholarship, it argues that the journalist’s body serves as a sensor, as a transducer (Helmreich, 2007), and as a depository. Conceiving the journalist’s body as an instrument that simultaneously senses, transforms, and stores information opens the door to a rich and nuanced understanding of how sensing bodies participate in and contribute to the journalistic endeavor, both practically and epistemologically.

RESUMO – Este artigo expõe um quadro teórico no qual o corpo jornalístico é apresentado de forma visível e explicável. Com base em um conhecimento etnográfico e geográfico, argumenta que o corpo jornalístico atua como um sensor, como um transdutor (Helmreich, 2007) e como um depositário. A concepção do corpo jornalístico como um instrumento que simultaneamente sente, transforma e armazena a informação abre espaço para uma compreensão rica e nuançada de como o corpo sensitório participa e contribui para o esforço jornalístico, tanto do ponto de vista prático como epistemológico.

RESUMEN – – Este artículo expone un marco teórico a través del cual el cuerpo del periodista es presentado de forma visible y relatable. Basándose en el conocimiento etnográfico y geográfico, sostiene que el cuerpo del periodista sirve como sensor, como transductor (Helmreich, 2007) y como depositario. Concebir el cuerpo del periodista como un instrumento que simultáneamente siente, transforma y almacena información abre la puerta a una comprensión rica y matizada de cómo los cuerpos sensoriales participan y contribuyen al esfuerzo periodístico, tanto práctica como epistemológicamente.


Palavras-chave


Bodies; Journalistic process; Journalistic epistemology; Ethnography; Geography

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

Referências


Atkinson, P., Delamont, S., & Housley, W. (2008). Contours of Culture: Complex Ethnography and the Ethnography of Complexity. Plymouth, UK: AltaMira Press.

Aubenas, F. (2010). Le quai de Ouistreham. Paris, Éditions de l’Olivier.

Back, L. (2012). Live sociology: social research and its futures. The Sociological Review, 60(1), 18-39. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-954X.2012.02115.x

Berrens, K. (2015). Ensounded Bodies: Making Place in London’s East End [doctoral dissertation). Universitat Oberta Catalunya,Internet Interdisciplinary Institute (IN3), Retrieved from: http://openaccess.uoc.edu/webapps/o2/handle/10609/44881

Braidotti, R. (2019). Posthuman Knowledge. Cambridge, UK, Polity Press.

Bird, S. E., Dardenne, R. W. (2009). Rethinking news and myth as storytelling: The handbook of journalism studies. London and New York, Routledge.

Bizimana, A-J. (2014). Le dispositif embedding: surveillance et intégration des journalistes en Irak. Québec, Presses de l’Université du Québec.

Chalaby, J. K. (1998). The Invention of Journalism. New York: St. Martin’s Press, Inc.

Classen, C. (1993). Worlds of sense: exploring the senses in history and across cultures. London and New York, Routledge.

Cohen, H. (2015). Nellie Bly, 10 jours dans un asile. Paris, Éditions du sous-sol.

Cramer, J., & McDevitt, M. (2004). Ethnographic Journalism. In S. Iorio (Ed.), Qualitative Research in Journalism: Taking it to the Streets (pp.127-144). Lawrence Erlbaum, Mahwah, NJ.

Cottle, S. (2000). New(s) Times: Towards a ‘Second Wave’ of News Ethnography. Communications, (25)1, 19–42. DOI: 10.1515/comm.2000.25.1.19

Csordas, T. (1993). Somatic Modes of Attention. Cultural Anthropology, 8(2), 135–156. DOI: 10.1525/can.1993.8.2.02a00010

de la Pena, N., Weil, P., Ausias Pomés, J., & Spanlang, B. (2010). Immersive Journalism: Immersive Virtual Reality for the First-Person Experience of News. Presence, 19(4), 291–301. DOI: 10.1162/PRES_a_00005

Delforce, B. (1996). La responsabilité sociale du journaliste: donner du sens. Cahiers du journalisme, 2, 16-32. Retrieved from www.cahiersdujournalisme.org/Accueil.html

Ekstrom, M. (2002). Epistemologies of TV journalism: a theoretical framework. Journalism, 3(3), 259-282. DOI:10.1177/146488490200300301

Ehreinreich, B. (2011). Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting By in America. New York, MacMillan.

Eyriès, A., & Pélissier N. (2014). Fictions du réel: le journalisme narratif. Cahiers de Narratologie. Analyse et théorie narratives, (26), 1–11. DOI : DOI: 10.4000/narratologie.6852

Feld, S., & Brenneis, D. (2004). Doing Anthropology in Sound. American Anthropologist, 31(4), 461–474. Retrieved from www.jstor.org/stable/4098863

Fludernik, M. (1996), Towards a ‘Natural’ Narratology. London, Routledge.

Francoeur, C. (2012). Informer ou In-former: les formats journalistiques au service du statu quo. Commposite, 15 (2), 17–32. Retrieved from www.commposite.org/index.php/revue/article/view/127

Frias, A. (2001). Une introduction à la ville sensible. Recherches en anthropologie au Portugal, 1, 11– 36. Retrieved from www.persee.fr/doc/rap_1240-3474_2001_num_7_1_1186

Gans, H. J. (2004). Deciding what’s news: A Study of CBS Evening News, NBC Nightly News, Newsweek, and Time (2nd ed.). Illinois, Northwestern University Press [1979].

Gans, H.J. (2010). Public ethnography; Ethnography as public sociology. Qualitative Sociology, 33(1), 97-104. DOI: 10.1007/s11133-009-9145-1

Geertz, C. (1973). The interpretation of Cultures. New York, Basic Books.

Geurts, K. L. (2002). Culture and the Senses: Bodily Ways of Knowing in an African Community. Berkeley, University of California Press.

Harrington, W. (2003). What Journalism Can Offer Ethnography. Qualitative Inquiry, 9(1), 90-104. DOI: 10.1177/1077800402239342

Hayes-Conroy, J., & Hayes-Conroy, A. (2010). Visceral Geographies: Mattering, Relating, and Defying. Geography Compass, 4(9), 1273–1284. DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-8198.2010.00373.x

Helmreich, S. (2012). An anthropologist underwater: Immersive soundscapes, submarine cyborgs, and transductive ethnography. In J. Sterne (Ed.). The Sound Studies Reader (pp.168-185). NY, Routledge.

Helmreich, S. (2007). An anthropologist underwater: Immersive soundscapes, submarine cyborgs, and transductive ethnography. American Ethnologist, 34(4), 621-641. DOI: 10.1525/ae.2007.34.4.621

Herman, A. K. (2014). Ethnographic Journalism. Journalism, 17(2), 260–278. DOI: 10.1177/1464884914555964

Holmqvist, C. (2013). Undoing War: War Ontologies and the Materiality of Drone Warfare. Millennium: Journal of International Studies, 41(3), 535–552. DOI: 10.1177/0305829813483350

Howes, D. (1991). To Summon All the Senses. In D. Howes (Ed.). The Varieties of Sensory Experience: A Sourcebook in the Anthropology of the Senses (pp.3–24). Toronto, University of Toronto Press.

Kovach, B., & Rosenstiel, T. (2001). The Elements of Journalism. New York, Three Rivers Press.

Labasse, B. (2015). Du journalisme comme une mésoépistémologie. Communication, 33(1). DOI : 10.4000/communication.5093

Lasica, J.D. (2006). Digital Storytelling: A Tutorial in 10 Easy Steps Expert tips on creating a polished, professional digital video. Ourmedia, 2 October. Retrieved from: https://www.coursehero.com/file/51111600/Digital-StorytellingStepsdocx/

Leroux, P., & Neveu, É. (2017). En immersion: Pratiques intensives du terrain en journalisme, littérature et sciences sociales. Rennes, Presses universitaires de Rennes.

Longhurst, R., Johnston, L., & Ho, E. (2009). A visceral approach: cooking ‘at home’ with migrant women in Hamilton, New Zealand. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 34, 333–345. Retrieved from www.jstor.org/stable/40270721

Merleau-Ponty (2002). Phenomenology of Perception. London, Routledge.

Pantti, M. (2010). The value of emotion: An examination of television journalists’ notions on emotionality. European Journal of Communication, 25(2), 168–181. DOI: 10.1177/0267323110363653

Peters, C. (2011). Emotion aside or emotional side? Crafting an ‘experience of involvement’ in the news. Journalism, 12(3), 297–316. DOI: 10.1177/1464884910388224

Pink, S. (2015). Doing Sensory Ethnography. London: Sage. Roeh, I. (1989). Journalism as Storytelling, Coverage as Narrative. American Behavioral Scientist, 33(2), 162–168. DOI:10.1177/0002764289033002007

Rosas, O. (2018). Strategic Avoidance and Strategic Use: A Look into Spanish Online Journalists’ Attitudes Toward Emotions in Reporting. International Journal of Communication, 12, 2114–2132. Retrieved from www.ijoc.org/index.php/ijoc/article/view/6789

Schudson, M. (1995). The Power of News. Harvard University Press: Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Shapiro, I., Brin, C., Bédard-Brûlé, I., & Mychajlowycz, K. (2013). Verification as a strategic ritual. Journalism Practice, 7(6), 657-673. DOI: 10.1080/17512786.2013.765638

Silverstein, M. (2003). Translation, Transduction, Transformation: Skating “Glossando” on Thin Semiotic Ice. In P. G. Rubel & A. Rosman (Eds.), Translating Cultures: Perspectives on translation and Anthropology (pp.75–105). Oxford, Berg.

Simondon, G. (1964). L’individu et sa genèse physico-biologique. Grenoble, Millon, 1995.

Sterne, J. (2003). The Audible Past. Durham: Duke University Press.

Stoller, P. (1997). Sensuous Scholarship. Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press.

Vanoost, M. (2019). Comment et pourquoi raconter le monde aujourd’hui. Sur le journalisme, 8(1), pp.128–139. Retrieved from www.surlejournalisme.kinghost.net/rev/index.php/slj/article/view/388

Vanoost, M. (2013). Journalisme narratif: proposition de définition, entre narratologie et éthique. Les Cahiers du journalisme, 25, 140–161. Retrieved from www.cahiersdujournalisme.net/25.htm

Wahl-Jorgensen, K. (2018). Challenging presentism in journalism studies: An emotional life history approach to understanding the lived experience of journalists. Journalism, (20)5, 670–678. DOI: 10.1177/1464884918760670

Wallraff, G. (1986). Tête de Turc. Paris, La Découverte.

Wolfe, T. (1973). New Journalism. New York, Harper & Row.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.25200/BJR.v17n1.2021.1354

Métricas do artigo

Carregando Métricas ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.


ISSN da versão online: 1981-9854

ISSN da versão impressa (descontinuada a partir de 2008): 1808-4079



Datas de publicação da revista

30 de abril - 30 de agosto - 30 de dezembro

 

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.