What makes an issue relevant to newspaper editorials?
Brazilian Journalism Research 18(1)
PDF

Supplementary Files

CODEBOOK

Keywords

Journalism studies
News values
Criteria of editorial-worthiness
Editorial journalism
Editorial values

How to Cite

Mont’Alverne, C., & Marques, F. P. J. (2022). What makes an issue relevant to newspaper editorials? an empirical approach to criteria of editorial-worthiness. Brazilian Journalism Research, 18(1), 122–151. https://doi.org/10.25200/BJR.v%n%.Y.1475

Abstract

ABSTRACT: Although journalism studies rely on a well-grounded debate about news values, there are fewer investigations about the values used to select a topic in newspaper editorials. By tackling the concept of editorial-worthiness, this article aims to empirically examine which editorial values influence how news organizations build their institutional opinions. Methodologically, we use content analysis to find out what makes a topic worth being addressed in 840 editorials published by Folha de S. Paulo and O Estado de S. Paulo (two Brazilian mainstream newspapers) in 2007 and 2017. Our results reveal that “topicality,” “the power elite,” and “conflict” are the most frequent editorial values in both organizations, showing some parallel with news values, although not a complete overlap. Lastly, our framework provides a key contribution to disclosing the similarities and singularities typical of different cultures concerning editorial journalism, offering the opportunity to think about journalism research and practice more broadly.

RESUMO – Embora os estudos sobre jornalismo partam de um debate consolidado sobre valores notícia, existem menos investigações a respeito dos valores utilizados para selecionar um assunto em editoriais. Partindo do conceito de editorialidade, este artigo procura examinar empiricamente quais valores editoriais influenciam em como as organizações noticiosas constroem suas opiniões institucionais. Metodologicamente, usamos Análise de Conteúdo para descobrir o que faz um assunto ser abordado em 840 editoriais publicados por Folha de S. Paulo e O Estado de S. Paulo em 2007 e 2017. Os resultados mostram que “topicalidade”, “elites” e “conflito” são os valores editoriais mais frequentes nas duas publicações, mostrando algum paralelo com os valores notícia, embora não haja uma sobreposição completa. Nosso trabalho oferece uma contribuição crucial para revelar similaridades e singularidades típicas de diferentes culturas editoriais, oferecendo a oportunidade de refletir sobre pesquisa e prática jornalística de forma mais ampla.

RESUMEN – Aún que los estudios sobre periodismo estén consolidados acerca de los valores noticia, hay menos investigaciones acerca de los valores que se usan para seleccionar un asunto en editoriales. Este artículo parte del concepto de editorialidad para analizar empíricamente que valores editoriales afectan como los media crean sus opiniones institucionales. Nosotros usamos análisis de contenido para averiguar lo que hace que un asunto sea tratado en 840 editoriales publicados por Folha de S.Paulo y O Estado de S. Paulo, dos de los principales periódicos de Brasil. Los resultados muestran que “topicalidad”, “élites”, y “conflicto” son los valores editoriales más frecuentes en los dos periódicos, revelando semejanza con valores noticia, aún que no haya superposición total. Nuestro trabajo ofrece una importante contribución para revelar semejanza y singularidad de distintas culturas editoriales, con la oportunidad de reflexionar acerca de la investigación y practica periodística de forma más amplia.

https://doi.org/10.25200/BJR.v%25n%25.Y.1475
PDF

References

Albæk, E., Hopmann, D., & Skovsgaard, M. (2019). Political Coverage. In T. P. Vos & F. Hanusch (Eds.), The International Encyclopedia of Journalism Studies (pp. 1–11). John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Albuquerque, A. (2010). A modernização autoritária do jornalismo brasileiro. Alceu, 10(20), 100–115. Recuperado de: https://revistaalceu-acervo.com.puc-rio.br/

Albuquerque, A. (2019). Protecting Democracy or Conspiring against it ? Media and Politics in Latin America: A Glimpse from Brazil. Journalism, 20(7), 906–923. DOI: 10.1177/1464884917738376

Arbex Júnior, J. (1987). Editorial. In J. M. de. Melo (Ed.), Gêneros jornalísticos na Folha de S.Paulo (pp. 91–99). FTD.

Armañanzas, E., & Nocí, J. D. (1996). Periodismo y argumentación. Géneros de opinión. Universidad del País Vasco.

Artemas, K., Vos, T. P., & Duffy, M. (2018). Journalism Hits a Wall: Rhetorical Construction of Newspapers’ Editorial and Advertising Relationship. Journalism Studies, 19(7), 1004–1020. DOI: 10.1080/1461670X.2016.1249006

Azevedo, F. (2016). A grande imprensa brasileira: Paralelismo Político e Antipetismo (1989-2014) [tese de doutorado, Universidade Federal de São Carlos]. Repositório Institucional UFSCar.

Azevedo, F. (2018). PT, eleições e editoriais da grande imprensa (1989-2014). Opinião Pública, 24(2), 270–290. DOI: 10.1590/1807-01912018242270

Baym, G. (2000). Constructing Moral Authority: We in the Discourse of Television News. Western Journal of Communication, 64(1), 92–111. DOI: 10.1080/10570310009374665

Bednarek, M., & Caple, H. (2017). The Discourse of News Values: How News Organizations Create Newsworthiness. Oxford University Press.

Billeaudeaux, A., Domke, D., Hutcheson, J. S., & Garland, P. (2003). Newspaper Editorials Follow Lead of Bush Administration. Newspaper Research Journal, 24(1), 166–184. DOI: 10.1177/073953290302400119

Brighton, P., & Foy, D. (2007). News Values. SAGE Publications.

Cushion, S. (2008). Truly International? A Content Analysis of Journalism: Theory, Practice and Criticism and Journalism Studies. Journalism Practice, 2(2), 280–293. DOI: 10.1080/17512780801999477

Dalpiaz, J. G. (2011). Rotinas e critérios de noticiabilidade: um estudo sobre a produção jornalística da BBC Brasil. Estudos Em Jornalismo e Mídia, 8(1). DOI: 10.5007/1984-6924.2011v8n1p213

de Vreese, C. H. (2005). News Framing: Theory and Typology. Information Design Journal + Document Design, 13(1), 51–62. DOI: 10.1075/idjdd.13.1.06vre

Dobek-Ostrowska, B. (2012). Italianization (or Mediterranization) of the Polish Media System? Reality and Perspective. In D. C. Hallin & P. Mancini (Eds.), Comparing media systems beyond the western world (pp. 26–50). Cambridge University Press.

Eilders, C. (1997). The Impact of Editorial Content on the Political Agenda in Germany: Theoretical Assumptions and Open Questions Regarding a Neglected Subject in Mass Communication Research. WZB Discussion Papers. Retrieved from: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/49825/1/246100885.pdf.

Eilders, C. (1999). Synchronization of Issue Agendas in News and Editorials of the Prestige Press in Germany. The International Journal of Communications Research, 24(3), 301–328. DOI: 10.1515/comm.1999.24.3.301

Espinosa, P. M. (2003). Géneros para la persuasión en prensa: los editoriales del diario El País. Ámbitos, 10, 225–238.

Field, A. (2005). Discovering Statistics with SPSS. SAGE Publications.

Firmstone, J. (2008). The Editorial Production Process and Editorial Values As Influences on the Opinions of the British Press Towards Europe. Journalism Practice, 2(2), 212–229. DOI: 10.1080/17512780801999378

Firmstone, J. (2019a). Editorial Journalism and Newspapers’ Editorial Opinions. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication, 1–24. DOI: 10.1093/acrefore/9780190228613.013.803

Firmstone, J. (2019b). Editorials. In T. P. Vos & F. Hanusch (Eds.), The International Encyclopedia of Journalism Studies (pp. 1–7). John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Fogoaga, C. (1982). Periodismo interpretativo. Mitre.

Fontcuberta, M. de. (1993). La noticia: Pistas para percibir el mundo. Paidós.

Galtung, J., & Ruge, M. (1965). The Structure of Foreign News: The Presentation of the Congo, Cuba and Cyprus Crises in Four Norwegian Newspapers. Journal of Peace Research, (2), 64–90. DOI: 10.1177/002234336500200104

Gans, H. J. (1979). Deciding What’s News: A Study of CBS Evening News, NBC Nightly News, Newsweek, and Times. Northwestern University Press.

Golan, G. J. (2010). Editorials, Op-ed Columns Frame Medical Marijuana Debate. Newspaper Research Journal, 31(3), 50–61. DOI: 10.1177/073953291003100305

Gronemeyer, M. E., & Porath, W. (2015). A Study on Homogeneity between Editorials and News Sources Opinions in the Chilean Reference Press. Cuadernos.Info, (36), 139–153. DOI: 10.7764/cdi.36.567

Guerreiro Neto, G. (2016). Da opinião à identidade: características do editorial em dois jornais brasileiros. Sobre Jornalismo, 5(2), 92–105. Retrieved from: https://revue.surlejournalisme.com/slj/article/view/176/304

Guerrero, M. A., & Márquez-Ramírez, M. (2014). Media Systems and Communication Policies in Latin America. Palgrave Macmillan.

Hallin, D. C., & Mancini, P. (2004). Comparing Media Systems: Three Models of Media and Politics. Cambridge University Press.

Hallin, D. C., & Mancini, P. (2012). Comparing Media Systems Beyond the Western world. Cambridge University Press.

Hallock, S. (2007). Editorial and Opinion. ABC-CLIO.

Hanitzsch, T., & Vos, T. P. (2017). Journalistic Roles and the Struggle Over Institutional Identity: The Discursive Constitution of Journalism. Communication Theory, 27(2), 115–135. DOI: 10.1111/comt.12112

Hanusch, F., & Vos, T. P. (2019). Charting the development of a field: A systematic review of comparative studies of journalism. International Communication Gazette, 82(4), 319–341. DOI: 10.1177/1748048518822606

Harcup, T. (2019). News Judgment, News Values, and Newsworthiness. In T. P. Vos & F. Hanusch (Eds.), The International Encyclopedia of Journalism Studies (pp. 1–8). John Wiley & Sons.

Harcup, T., & O’Neill, D. (2001). What Is News? Galtung and Ruge revisited. Journalism Studies, 2(2), 261–280. DOI: 10.1080/14616700118449

Harcup, T., & O’Neill, D. (2017). What is News? News Values Revisited (again). Journalism Studies, 18(12), 1470–1488. DOI: 10.1080/1461670X.2016.1150193

Izadi, F., & Saghaye-Biria, H. (2007). A Discourse Analysis of Elite American Newspaper Editorials: The Case of Iran’s nuclear program. Journal of Communication Inquiry, 31(2), 140–165. DOI: 10.1177/0196859906298073

Kim, Y. A., & Ahmad, M. A. (2013). Trust, Distrust and Lack of Confidence of Users in Online Social Media-Sharing Communities. Knowledge-Based Systems, (37), 438–450. DOI: 10.1016/j.knosys.2012.09.002

Lacy, S., Watson, B. R., Riffe, D., & Lovejoy, J. (2015). Issues and Best Practices in Content Analysis. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 92(4), 791–811. DOI: 10.1177/1077699015607338

Lage, N., Faria, T., & Rodrigues, S. (2004). Diário Carioca: o primeiro degrau para a modernidade. Estudos Em Jornalismo e Mídia, 1(1), 132–144.

Lattman-Weltman, F., & Chagas, V. (2016). Mercado futuro: a Economia Política da (re)partidarização da imprensa no Brasil. Dados, 59(2), 323–356. DOI: 10.1590/00115258201679

Lule, J. (2002). Myth and Terror on the Editorial Page: The New York Times Responds to September 11, 2001. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 79(2), 275–293. DOI: 10.1177/107769900207900202

Marques, F. P. J., Miola, E., Mitozo, I., & Mont’Alverne, C. (2020). Similar, but not the Same: Comparing Editorial and News Agendas in Brazilian Newspapers. Journalism Practice, 14(9), 1066–1086. DOI: 10.1080/17512786.2019.1684833

Marques, F. P. J., & Mont’Alverne, C. (2021). What are Newspaper Editorials Interested In? Understanding the Idea of Criteria of Editorial-Worthiness. Journalism, 22(7), 1812–1830. DOI: 10.1177/1464884919828503

Marques, F. P. J., Mont’Alverne, C., & Mitozo, I. (2021). Editorial Journalism and Political Interests: Comparing the Coverage of Dilma Rousseff’s Impeachment in Brazilian Newspapers. Journalism, 22(11), 2816–2835. DOI: 10.1177/1464884919894126

Marques, F. P. J., Santos, D. H. de F., Mont’Alverne, C., & Ferracioli, P. (2020). A atuação do jornalismo editorial no escândalo JBS: uma análise comparativa sobre os jornais Folha de S.Paulo e O Estado de S. Paulo. Revista Brasileira de Ciência Política, (33), 1–39. DOI: 10.1590/0103-3352.2020.33.226562

Matos, C. O. (2008). Journalism and Political Democracy in Brazil (1984-2002). Lexington Books.

Melo, J. M. de. (1985). A opinião no jornalismo brasileiro. Vozes.

Melo, J. M. de. (2003). Jornalismo Opinativo: gêneros opinativos no Jornalismo brasileiro. Editora Mantiqueira.

Meltzer, K. (2007). Newspaper editorial boards and the practice of endorsing candidates for political office in the United States. Journalism, 8(1), 83–103. DOI: 10.1177/1464884907072422

Mont’Alverne, C. (2020). A imprensa como agente interessado na reforma política: um estudo sobre a cobertura noticiosa e editorial de Folha de S.Paulo, O Estado de S. Paulo e O Globo (1989-2017) [Doctoral Dissertation, Universidade Federal do Paraná]. Acervo digital da UFPR.

Mont’Alverne, C., Athanásio, E., & Marques, F. P. J. (2018). The Journalist Between the Profession and the Newspaper’s Interests: Values and TRoutines in the Production of Folha de S.Paulo’s Editorials. Brazilian Journalism Research, 14(2), 384–411. DOI: 10.25200/BJR.v14n2.2018.1088

Mourão, R. R. (2019). From Mass to Elite Protests: News Coverage and the Evolution of Antigovernment Demonstrations in Brazil. Mass Communication and Society, 22(1), 49–71. DOI: 10.1080/15205436.2018.1498899

Mourão, R. R., Thorson, E., Chen, W., & Tham, S. M. (2018). Media Repertoires and News Trust During the Early Trump Administration. Journalism Studies, 19(13), 1945–1956. DOI: 10.1080/1461670x.2018.1500492

Nava, M., & Marques, F. P. J. (2019). From “Leftist” To “President”: Journalism and Editorial Coverage of Brazil’s Lula in Five Elections. Journalism Practice, 13(10), 1–22. DOI: 10.1080/17512786.2019.1587640

Newman, N., Fletcher, R., Schulz, A., Andi, S., Robertson, C. T., & Nielsen, R. K. (2021). Digital News Report 2021 (10th ed.). Reuter Institute/University of Oxford.

Oakes, J. B. (1964). Interview with John B [Interview]. Oral History Research Office. Retrieved from: https://www.columbia.edu/cu/lweb/digital/collections/nny/oakesjb/toc.html

Orosa, B. G., García, X. L., & Santorum, S. G. (2013). Análisis de la adaptación a la red en los editoriales on line de cinco países europeos. Revista Latina de Comunicación Social, (68), 408–501. Retrieved from: https://hdl.handle.net/10347/18780

Pfetsch, B., & Berlin, F. U. (2015). Political Communication Culture. In G. Mazzoleni (Ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Political Communication (pp. 1–6). John Wiley & Sons.

Pimentel, P. S., & Marques, F. P. J. (2021). De-Westernizing Media Parallelism: How Editorial Interests Unfold During Impeachment Crises. Journalism Studies, 22(3), 282–304. DOI: 10.1080/1461670X.2020.1867000

Preston, P. (2015). News Values. In G. Mazzoleni (Ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Political Communication (pp. 1–6). John Wiley & Sons.

Ryan, M. (2004). Framing the War Against Terrorism: US Newspaper Editorials and Military Action in Afghanistan. International Communication Gazette, 66(5), 363–382. DOI: 10.1177/0016549204045918

Silva, C. E. L. da. (1990). O adiantado da hora: a influência americana sobre o jornalismo brasileiro. Summus Editorial.

Silva, G., Silva, M. P., & Fernandes, M. L. (2014). Critérios de noticiabilidade: problemas conceituais e aplicações. Insular.

Toff, B., Badrinathan, S., Mont’Alverne, C., Arguedas, A. R., Fletcher, R., & Nielsen, R. K. (2020). What We Think We Know and What We Want to Know: Perspectives on Trust in News in a Changing World. Reuter Institute/University of Oxford.

Traquina, N. (2005). Teorias do Jornalismo - Por que as notícias são como são (Vol. 1). Insular.

Wahl-Jorgensen, K. (2009). News Production, Ethnography, and Power: On the Challenges of Newsroom-Centricity. In E. Bird (Ed.), The Anthropology of News & Journalism (pp. 21–34). Indiana University Press.

Waisbord, S., & Mellado, C. (2014). De-westernizing Communication Studies: A Reassessment. Communication Theory, 24(4), 361–372. DOI: 10.1111/comt.12044

Wiggins, J. R. (1942). The Function of the Press in a modern democracy. Journalism Quarterly, 19(2), 159–171. DOI: 10.1177/107769904201900203

Wilhoit, G. C., & Drew, D. G. (1991). Editorial Writers on American Daily Newspapers: a 20-Year portrait. Journalism and Communication Monographs, 129. Retrieved from: https://www.proquest.com/docview/1297773833/fulltextPDF/1A6FDC33116145E1PQ/1?accountid=12598

Willig, I. (2012). Newsroom Ethnography in a Field Perspective. Journalism, 14(3), 372–387. DOI: 10.1177/1464884912442638

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2022 Brazilian Journalism Reasearch