Ethical Risks, Informers, Whistleblowers, Leaks and Clamor for Transparency

Rogério Christofoletti

Resumo


Leaks and whistleblowers have been increasingly used for the production of large media coverage. Characters like Edward Snowden, Chelsea Manning, Julian Assange and informers of “Operation Car Wash” in Brazil have become not only useful for the process of transparency and accountability, but also signal traps to reporters and newsrooms. In this article, I present the concept of Ethical Risk and I list a number of its forms in contemporary journalistic production, driven by WikiLeaks, Panama Papers and transformations of democratic societies

Palavras-chave


Sources; Leakers; Accountability; Transformations in Journalism; Ethics

Texto completo:

PDF (English) PDF (PT)

Referências


ASSANGE, Julian; APPELBAUM, Jacob; MÜLLER-MAGUHN, Andy; ZIMMERMANN, Jérémie. Cypherpunks. São Paulo: Boitempo, 2013.

BAUMAN, Zygmunt; BIGO, Didier; ESTEVES, Paulo; GUILD, Elspeth; JABRI, Vivienne; LYON, David; WAKER, R.B.J. Após Snowden: repensando o impacto da vigilância. Revista Eco-Pós, vol. 8, nº 2, pp. 8-35, 2015.

BECERRA, Martín; LACUNZA, Sebastián. WikiMediaLeaks. Buenos Aires: Ediciones B, 2012.

BERNSTEIN, Carl; WOODWARD, Bob. All the President’ s Men. Simon & Schuster, 1974.

BREVINI, Benedetta; HINTZ, Arne; MCCURDY, Patrick (ed.) Beyond Wikileaks: implications for the future of communications, journalism and society. New York: The Palmate Macmillan, 2013.

CARLSON, Matt; LEWIS, Seth C. Boundaries of Journalism: professionalism, practices and participation. Routledge: New York, 2015.

CHRISTOFOLETTI, Rogério; OLIVEIRA, Cândida. Jornalismo pós-WikiLeaks: deontologia em tempos de vazamentos globais de informação. Contemporânea, Vol. 9 nº 2, pp. 86-100, 2011.

CHRISTOFOLETTI, Rogério. Preocupações éticas no jornalismo feito por não-jornalistas. Comunicação e Sociedade, vol. 25, pp. 267 – 277, 2014.

DOMSCHEIT-BERG, Daniel. Os bastidores do WikiLeaks. Rio de Janeiro: Campus-Elsevier, 2011

EL PAÍS. Las revelaciones de WikiLeaks: Los Papeles del Departamento de Estado. Madrid, 1 de febrero de 2011.

FLOR, Guaíra Índia. O jornalismo em tempos de WikiLeaks: uma análise do Folhaleaks e da Folha de S.Paulo. 2014. Master’s thesis (Master in Communication)- Postgradutation Program in Communication, University of Brasilia, Brasília, 2014.

FLYNN, Kathryn. The Practice and Politics of Leaking. Social Alternatives. v. 30, n. 1 pp.24-28, 2011.

FOWLER-WATT, Karen; ALLAN, Stuart (eds.) Journalism: New Challenges. Centre for Journalism & Communication Research – Bournemouth University, 2013.

FRANKLIN, Bob; CARLSON, Matt (eds.) Journalists, Sources and Credibility: new perspectives. Routledge: New York-London, 2011.

GOLDFARB, Ronald (ed.) After Snowden: privacy, secrecy and security in the information age. New York: St. Martins’s Press, 2015.

GREENBERG, Andy. This Machine Kills Secrets: how WikiLeaks, Cypherpunks and Hacktvists Aim to Free the World’s Information. London: Virgin Books, 2012.

GREENWALD, Glenn. Sem lugar para se esconder. Rio de Janeiro: Sextante, 2014.

HARDING, Luke. Os arquivos Snowden. São Paulo: Leya, 2014.

HOLIDAY, Ryan. Acredite, estou mentindo. São Paulo: Companhia Editora Nacional, 2012.

LEIGH, David; HARDING, David. WikiLeaks: a guerra de Julian Assange contra os segredos de Estado. Campinas: Verus, 2011.

MANNING, Paul. News and news sources: a critical introduction. London: Sage, 2001.

McBRIDE, Kelly; ROSENSTIEL, Tom. The new ethics of journalism: principles for the 21st Century. Sage-CQ Press: Thousand Oaks-London, 2014.

SANT'ANNA, Francisco. Mídia das fontes: um novo ator no cenário jornalístico brasileiro. Brasília: Senado Federal, 2009.

SANTOS, Rogério. A negociação entre jornalistas e fontes. Coimbra: Minerva, 1997.

SCHMITZ, Aldo Antonio. Fontes de notícias: ações e estratégias das fontes no jornalismo. Florianópolis: Combook, 2001.

SIFRY, Micah. Wikileaks and the age of Transparency. Berkeley: Counterpoint, 2011.

TIFFEN, R. News and Power. Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 1989.

WAISBORD, Silvio. Reinventing Professionalism: journalism and news in global perspective. Polity Press: Cambridge-Malden, 2013.

WARD, Stephen J. Radical Media Ethics: a global approach. Wiley Blackwell: Oxford, 2015.

WOODWARD, Bob. O homem secreto. São Paulo: Rocco, 2005.

ZION, Lawrie; CRAIG, David. Ethics for digital journalists: emerging best practices. Routledge: New York, 2015.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.25200/BJR.v12n2.2016.889

Métricas do artigo

Carregando Métricas ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.


ISSN da versão online: 1981-9854

ISSN da versão impressa (descontinuada a partir de 2008): 1808-4079



Datas de publicação da revista

30 de abril - 30 de agosto - 30 de dezembro

 

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.