A Mouthpiece for Truth: Foreign Aid for Media Development and the Making of Journalism in the Global South

Jairo Lugo-Ocando

Resumo


This piece explores the role of Foreign Aid in developing the current framework in which journalism operates in the Global South. It looks at how international development efforts have been crucial in fostering particular models of journalism while arguing that this explains the current international convergence around journalistic values, normative claims and news cultures. In so doing, the piece suggests that raise of professional journalism should not be interpreted necessarily as a historical ‘occurrence’ but rather be also considered as part of a larger enterprise to construct a sense of nationhood. In opening these questions, it invites the reader to understand news values such as objectivity, balance and fairness within national historical efforts seeking hegemonic status in an increasingly globalised world. It suggests that international aid efforts to foster media development are key in explaining the spread of particular models of journalism education and practice.

Este artigo explora o papel dos programas de Assistência Internacional e Cooperação para o desenvolvimento e a construção conceitual em que opera o jornalismo moderno. O artigo analisa como os esforços internacionais de assistência ao desenvolvimento têm sido cruciais para promover modelos particulares de jornalismo e argumenta que isso explica a atual convergência internacional em torno dos valores fundamentais para as práticas jornalísticas, suas aspirações profissionais, normativas e de de uma cultura da notícia. Ao fazê-lo, o artigo sugere que o jornalismo não deve necessariamente ser interpretado como um "evento" histórico, mas também deve ser considerado como parte de um empreendimento maior na construção da ideologia de uma nação. O artigo trabalha para o entendimento dos valores no jornalismo - como objetividade, equilíbrio e imparcialidade na produção de notícias – no contexto de esforços históricos nacionais que contribuiram para estabelecer o status hegemônico do Ocidente em um mundo cada vez mais globalizado. O artigo sugere que os esforços dos programas de Assistência Internacional e Cooperação para incentivar o desenvolvimento da mídia são fundamentais para explicar a difusão de modelos específicos de ensino e de prática do jornalismo. '

Este artículo analiza el papel que tienen los Programas de Asistencia y Cooperación Internacional en el desarrollo y formación del marco conceptual del periodismo actual y sus prácticas en el Sur Global. En particular, este analiza cómo los esfuerzos internacionales de asistencia para el desarrollo han sido cruciales en el fomento de determinados modelos de periodismo, al tiempo que argumenta que estas acciones explican la actual convergencia internacional en torno a los valores fundamentales de las prácticas periodísticas, sus aspiraciones profesionales normativas y las culturas noticiosas. Al plantear esta disyuntiva, se sugiere que el periodismo no debe interpretarse necesariamente como un “acontecimiento” histórico, sino que debe considerarse como parte de un largo proceso dirigido a la construcción de un ideario de nación. De este modo, se invita al lector a examinar determinados valores noticiosos –tales como la objetividad y el equilibrio en la noticia- como parte de las estrategias históricas nacionales dirigidas a establecer y mantener el estatus hegemónico de Occidente en un mundo cada vez más globalizado. El artículo señala que los esfuerzos de ayuda internacional para fomentar el desarrollo de los medios de comunicación son claves a la hora de explicar la difusión de modelos específicos de educación y práctica periodística.

Palavras-chave


Journalism. Foreign Aid; Media Development; Democracy; Objectivity

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.25200/BJR.v14n2.2018.1101

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